Barnish FGM


RESCUEMISSION are working in more than 100 countries to stop female genital mutilation. Female genital mutilation (FGM) refers to all procedures that involve partial or whole removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.


Although, female genital mutilation is an internationally recognized human rights violation, the outdated practices are prevalent in many countries around the world and are spreading into Europe, USA, Australia and the South and Latin America.


The root causes of child marriage are numerous. However, no matter the reasons for child marriage, there is no justification for child marriage. The main causes identified include

Outdated Customs and Traditions

Child marriage is often connection traditions such as preserving family ‘honour’, privilege of getting married to a rich or famous family and preserving a bride’s virginity. In countries and cultures where child marriage is practiced, there is a widely held view that girls who lose their virginity before marriage or have a baby out of wedlock bring shame on the family. In this sense child marriage maintained with the view of safeguarding their child from engaging in sexual relations before marriage.


In some of the poorest communities in the world where families struggle to provide for their children, child marriage is seen as an option to relieve themselves of the financial burdens they have – reducing household costs of food, clothing and education as well as alleviate themselves of the burden of dowry as part of customary rights associated with marriage.


Gender Inequality

In many communities and even in advanced countries in Europe, USA, Australia and many others there is gender inequality where many girls in isolated communities within these countries are still subject to inferior treatment, mainly as a result of social and cultural beliefs, which deny or limit their rights.

Lack of law enforcement

In many communities and even in advanced countries in Europe, USA, Australia and many others there is gender inequality where many girls in isolated communities within these countries are still subject to inferior treatment, mainly as a result of social and cultural beliefs, which deny or limit their rights.

Conflicts and wars

During the times of war, conflict and disasters, girls become very vulnerable as they are often unable to endure the effects of humanitarian crises. During these disastrous times parents may decide to marry their girl-child early to protect them from poverty, harm or as a means of managing emotional distress. At times, girls are kidnapped by warlords and married against their will to men who often twice or three times older than the girls.



Often many girls are not even given a chance to go to school because their families consider them inferior to boys and are of the views that girls cannot bring financial benefits even if they complete school. In many stances, girls who are in school to have education have been forces to drop out because they have to help with household chores, early pregnancy or marital duties which leave them with no life choices.


Child marriage is usually associated with early pregnancies, miscarriages and sexually transmitted infections. As children themselves, the bodies of these girls are also not ready to endure pregnancy and childbirth, and often this results in permanent and sometimes deadly consequences on their lives as a result of long-term health challenges.

Lack of employment

Girls who marry at such early ages often to men who are more than 3 or 4 times their age have the life ambition cut off and because they often have no opportunity to complete their education and gain employable skills. Consequently, they grow up with no chance of employment or even to have a trade of their own and they remain in vicious cycle of poverty.

Life-threatening consequences

Girls who marry before they turn 18 are more likely to experience domestic violence. As they become dependent on the men they are married they have no options but to ensure violence and harassment continually resulting in emotional, physical and psychological trauma. The girls are more likely to die due to complications in pregnancy and childbirth or more likely to be stillborn or die in the first month of life.


RESCUEMISSION are working tirelessly to ensure that governments and world institutions act to end child marriage. There is less political will to fight against such outdated practices in almost all the countries of the world. We need your help to stop child marriage. Together, we can do it. We are undertaking several strategies to help end child marriage such as:

Educating girls

We understand that girls who have access to both primary and secondary education are less likely to marry as a child and they improve their chances of access to employment and a means of sustaining themselves and then in turn their families. RESCUEMISSION are supporting 1000s of girls to continue their education and this approach is reducing the number of girls getting married at young age.

Educating Parents and Community Leaders

In many of the poorest communities in our World, some parents believe that child marriage is a way of protecting and meeting their economic needs as well as that of their daughter as they feel the man the girl is married to will take care of her needs. Many parents agree to child marriage in order to prevent their daughter from harassment and sexual violence or prevent premarital sex which is still taboo in many countries. RESCUEMISSION is reaching out to societies by educating community elders and lawmakers about the importance of educating young girls and help challenge traditional and discriminatory views on girl’s access to education and the side-effects of child marriage.

Empower Girls

RESCUEMISSION have implement Girl Empowerment Projects in more than 100 countries where child marriage is widespread to build the self-esteem and confidence as well as give them a voice. The Girl-Empowerment programmes have been key vehicle to preventing early marriages by informing girls of their basic human rights and their legal right to refuse a marriage. The empowerment programmes are closely linked to Girl-education programs on health and sex education. These programmes are empowering girls, by offering them opportunities to gain skills and education, get involved support networks and creating ‘safe spaces’ where girls can gather to share ideas about to cope and stand up against child-marriage.

Providing Economic Support

Poverty has been the key driver to child marriage. As a result of this, RESCUEMISSION have implemented skills development and entrepreneurship programmes to help girls to gain skills and start businesses and trading for economic emancipation. Providing economic support to families has assisted parents to stop their daughters from married early. For many girls, who know that there is support for their education and livelihood, they have been bold to refuse getting married at a young age.

Support Legislation Against Child Marriage

RESCUEMISSION are working with many countries around the world to enforce existing laws against child marriage through our advocacy and lobbying programmes. Some countries e.g Algeria have implemented laws that set the minimum age of marriage at 18 years. For other countries such as Sudan where the minimum age is set at 10 years, there is a lot of work to do. But with your help we can stop this child marriage.



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